A: It's a challenge coin that is synonymous with certain branches of the military. When designed they we're made to prove you belonged to a certain branch or division. In the case of the Gurkha coin it just proves you own 20 Special Ops cigars, a monster travel case, and one extra-large knife.
A: The foam inserts have enough slots for 30. But in reality you can fit 40. Sounds confusing, but this is due to the challenge coin and knife taking up a row where another foam slot of 10 would have gone. I advise people to take this insert out, which allows space for 10+ more cigars.
A: You could. But I wouldn't advise it. When using mine, I take one or two of the foam pieces out to make more room, but not all of them. Without the foam your cigars will bang around inside. This will most likely lead to a bunch of unhappy cigars, and an even more unhappy owner. If you're looking for a long term storage device, I would go with a cedar lined wood humidor. Don't get me wrong, this thing is awesome, but it's best suited for travel and on being on the go.
A: Yes it will. The only thing I recommend, when keeping cigars in an airtight case such as this, is to burp it every couple days. Cigars need to breathe, so you don't want to leave them sealed up too long. Always keep an eye on the humidity inside the case. Although it is airtight, you will probably need to add a small humidification unit for the extended period. For shorter periods, you don't need a humidification unit at all (it holds the moisture in).